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  • 11-02-2022

Organic production

In recent years, organic production has become prominent due to the increasing surface area, being this increase around 3.5% on Spanish soil in 2020 and Spain being the first European country in organic production and surface area, and the third in the world (10% of the agricultural area in Spain).

Although organic production has been regulated for quite some time, Europe has found it necessary to specify and identify new measures due to the increased interest in organic production. For this reason, Regulation (EU) 2018/848 came into force on the 01.01.2022, regulating organic production and the labelling of organic products and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007, although it was scheduled to enter into force in January 2021 (https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32018R0848&from=en).

The objectives of this regulation are ambitious, as it rules on essential aspects of organic farming in line with the policies, strategies and legislation of the EU for the environmental, energy and climate objectives for 2030. The objectives set for organic production are:

  • Contributing to a non-toxic environment.
  • Maintaining long-term soil fertility.
  • Promoting short distribution circuits and local production.
  • Promoting the development of plant breeding activities for organic plants.

Regulation (EU) 2018/848 aims to reinforce the relationship between crops and soil in order to improve soil fertility in the long term and promoting the use of heterogeneous propagation material.

Even so, another aspect to highlight is the reinforcement of control measures by detecting the presence of unauthorized substances in organic production, setting the blocking guidelines, initiating a mandatory investigation if there is a justified suspicion and prohibiting the use of the reference ECO (organic) until having the determination or decision of the formal investigation. In addition, all those exceptions to the organic production rule that had been applied before and that were allowed in practice will gradually disappear in order to harmonize legislation, including catastrophic circumstances.

Although the rule is more restrictive, it aims to harmonize and simplify the rules, as well as to pursue and establish fair competition conditions for operators, and to increase consumer confidence in organic products and in the logo of organic production in the EU due to the demand for organic products.

Similarly, the range of organic products that can be produced, prepared, labelled, distributed, marketed or imported into or exported from the Union is extended. These new inclusions are yeasts intended for human or animal consumption, yerba mate, sweet corn, vine leaves, hearts of palm, hop shoots and other similar edible parts of plants and products obtained from them, sea salt and other salts for food and feeds, silk cocoons suitable for reeling, natural gums and resins, beeswax, essential oils, natural corks (not agglomerated and with no bonding agents), cotton not carded or combed, wool not carded or combed, raw hides and skins, and traditional herbal preparations.

On the other hand, and although fertilizers and phytosanitary products are not considered organic products, the regulations take into account the use of these products in organic farming so that organic farmers can get the organic certification. For this reason, the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/1165 of 15 July 2021 has been published, authorising certain products and substances for use in organic production and establishing their lists, set out in the Appendix I and Appendix II (https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32021R1165&from=ES).

In short, the Regulatory Department of Herogra Especiales, responding to its commitment to organic farming, it is concerned with organic regulations compliance related to the guidelines set out by the European Commission. In addition, we are auditing our products with the CAAE certification service as per the UNE 142500 and 315500 standards, which are voluntary standards in order to ensure certain levels of quality and safety, guaranteeing that all farmers who trust our products for use in organic farming can be sure of obtaining the certificate for their organic products.

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