Biotechnology is a science that has been used for centuries. From natural beers and wines fermented in barrels of different types to yeast handling and fermentation to make bread, there is always a biotechnological process involved.
Agriculture is also a sector linked to biotechnology. Since the earliest crops, farmers have manipulated plants and animals through selective breeding and sowing. They chose those with better features and created new varieties and species with the desired traits.
In addition, what is known as agricultural biotechnology emerged thanks the technological development of the 20th century. This is based on the use of biological tools and techniques that use living organisms as a means to improve agriculture, leading to the development of agricultural products.
The transition from chemical to biological agriculture
We are increasingly aware of the environmental damage that traditional agriculture does to the planet. The soil is not a bottomless pit. Over-fertilizing can end up in aquifers, polluting the waters used by humans. Moreover, soil fertility is reduced when increasing salt concentrations and unbalancing the nutrient balance.
In response to the risk posed by these insensitive agricultural practices, organic farming emerged in 1960. This is based on the optimal use of natural resources, without the use of synthetic chemicals or genetically modified organisms.
Biotechnology as a solution
Thanks to biotechnology, great advances have been made in the agricultural sector. From improved nutrient absorption thanks to the use of microorganisms with plant growth-promoting properties to pest control using plant and fungal extracts and ferments.
The most well-known case in agriculture is the use of microorganisms with plant growth-promoting features, known as PGPR. These properties biostimulate the plant through improved nutrient uptake, root development and phytopathogen control.
Benefits of agricultural biotechnology
Herogra Especiales rides the wave of biotechnology
Thanks to the fermentation plant of Herogra Especiales, organic products are being promoted and developed with the CAAE certification for organic agriculture.
This is the case of TOTEM, a last generation rooting product based on Orygin 2.0 technology from natural ferments derived from extremophile organisms. It boosts and regenerates the root, biostimulating its growth throughout its life cycle. As the root system develops further, it achieves a better soil nutrient absorption and a greater resistance of the plant to external stresses such as drought, waterlogging or wind.